Homoranthus darwinioides

Distribution Map
Family: Myrtaceae
Distribution: Woodlands and open forests of central western New South Wales.
Common Name: No generally accepted common name.
Derivation of Name: Homoranthus; From Greek homos, the same (ie. of the one kind) and anthos, a flower, referring to the regular characteristics of the flowers.
darwinioides; similar to the genus Darwinia.
Conservation Status: Not currently listed as threatened under the EPBC Act*. However, regarded as vulnerable and facing a high risk of extinction in the wild in the medium-term future (Classified as 3VCa under the ROTAP * system).

General Description:

Homoranthus is a small genus of about 8 species and is closely related to the genus Darwinia. The difference between the two genera is based on Homoranthus having single or multiple awns at the ends of the calyx lobes. While botanically significant, the difference is slight....so slight, in fact, that even botanists don't always agree on where the various species in the two genera should be placed.

Homoranthus darwinioides
Homoranthus darwinioides
Photo: Brian Walters

Homoranthus darwinioides (previously known as Rylstonea cernua) is a small shrub about 1 metre in height by a similar width. The greyish-green leaves are very small (about 4 mm long by 1 mm wide) and arranged in a decussate manner (each pair of leaves are at right angles to the previous pair on the stem). Flowers occur in pairs on pendulous stalks from the upper leaf axils and are surrounded by leaf-like bracts. The flower clusters are about 1 cm long and are cream in colour, aging to red. The individual flowers have a protuding style about 1 cm long.

This species is reasonably well known in cultivation but not grown as widely as it deserves. It is a very attractive species with a long flowering period and the flowers are very well displayed on the bush. It is suited to well drained, moist soils in full sun or semi shade and will tolerate extended dry periods once established. It responds well to pruning and will accept at least moderate frosts.

Plants can be propagated from seed but seed not readily available. The species can be grown fairly easily from cuttings of firm, current season's growth.

* EPBC Act = Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999;
  ROTAP = Rare or Threatened Australian Plants (Briggs and Leigh, 1988)
  For further information refer the Australian Plants at Risk page

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