Petrophile biternata

Distribution Map
Family: Proteaceae
Distribution: Sand and gravel soils in woodland and open forest north of Perth, Western Australia.
Common Name: No generally accepted common name.
Derivation of Name: Petrophile...From Greek petra, a rock and philos, seeking or preferring, referring to the rocky habitat of some species.
biternata... From Latin bi, two and ternatus, in threes, referring to the arrangement of leaf segments which may be divided into threes, twice.
Conservation Status: Not listed under the under the EPBC Act* but listed as Conservation code Priority Three in Western Australia (P3 - poorly known species).

General Description:

Petrophile is a genus of around 40 species, all occurring only in Australia. They are found in the southern half of the continent in temperate regions. Most are small to medium sized shrubs having flower clusters arranged in elongated or globular heads. The fruits are also elongated or globular in shape and the appearance of the fruits gives rise to the common name of "conebushes" or "coneflowers". The genus is closely related to Isopogon.

Petrophile biternata
Petrophile biternata
Photo: Brian Walters

Petrophile biternata is a shrub from 1 to 2 metres high. The stiff leaves are from 25 to 75 mm long. They are divided into lobes several times and end in a sharp (pungent) point. The small flowers are cream to yellow and occur in small clusters at the ends of the branchlets. Flowering occurs in spring. The fruit is an small, oval shaped cone containing numerous seeds protected by woody bracts. The fruits remain on the plant for an indefinite period and only release the seeds after a fire or the death of the plant.

P.biternata is not cultivated to any great extent. It is an interesting species with attractive foliage and would be an attractive addition to a native garden. Like many western species, it may be difficult to maintain for long periods in more humid and wet areas of eastern Australia. It is likely to perform best in areas with dry summers and with well drained soils. A sunny position will produce the best flowering but some shade should be tolerated. It should withstand light to moderate frosts.

Ease of propagation is not known but seed should germinate relatively easily without pretreatment. Cuttings of firm, current season's growth may also be successful.


* EPBC Act = Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999;


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