Phebalium woombye

Distribution Map
Family: Rutaceae
Distribution: Heath and open forest from the north coast of New South Wales to south-east Queensland.
Common Name: Wallum phebalium
Derivation of Name: Phebalium.... From phebalios, a Greek term for a fig.
woombye.... Derivation uncertain but possibly refers to the town of Woombye in south-east Queensland in the region where the plant occurs.
Conservation Status: Not considered to be at risk in the wild although rare in New South Wales.

General Description:

The genus Phebalium consists of 25 species, all but one being endemic to Australia with the majority occurring in the eastern half of the continent. Most are small shrubs with very aromatic foliage and producing clusters of small, star-like flowers in the cream to bright yellow range. Similar genera include Leionema, Nematolepis and Rhadinothamnus. A number of species in the latter genera were previously classified under Phebalium.

Phebalium woombye
Phebalium woombye
Photo: Brian Walters

Phebalium woombye is a small to medium shrub to about 2 metres high by 1.5 metres wide although completely prostrate forms exist. The leaves are oblong to elliptical, up to 50 mm long by 10 mm wide, geen above and silvery underneath. The individual cream or pink flowers are five-petalled and relatively small but they occur in clusters of up to 10 and are very conspicuous. The yellow stamens are often offset to one side of the flower, similar to the arrangement in Phebalium nottii. Flowering usually occurs in late winter and spring.

This species has been in cultivation for many years and is a very desirable garden plant. The pale pink forms are very attractive as is the prostrate form with relatively large cream flowers. The latter is an excellent non-vigorous groundcover. The species requires a well drained, moist soil, preferably in semi shade but full sun is tolerated. Once established plants seem adaptable to extended dry periods and are resistant to at leasrt moderate frost.

In common with most members of the Rutaceae, propagation of P.woombye from seed is difficult but cuttings usually strike readily from current season's growth.

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