|Family:||Ericaceae (subfamily Epacridoideae)|
|Distribution:||Coast and mountains of the central coast of New South Wales, usually in dry forest or heath on sandy soils.|
|Common Name:||Red five corners|
|Derivation of Name:||Styphelia....from Greek meaning dense, apparently referring to the compact habit of some species.
tubiflora....referring to the elongated, tube-shaped flowers.
|Conservation Status:||Not considered to be at risk in the wild.|
The plant family Ericaceae (heaths and heathers) is widespread in many parts of the globe, particularly Europe and South Africa. It contains a number of widely cultivated plants such as Erica, Rhododendron and Pieris.
Like most of Australia's members of the Ericaceae, Styphelia belongs to the subfamily Epacridoideae, which was formerly classified as a separate family, the Epacridaceae. Styphelia is closely related to Epacris, the main difference being the distinctly hairy inner surface of the petals in Styphelia. There are 14 species in the genus, all of which occur naturally only in Australia and in all states except the Northern Territory. They are small, stiff shrubs with small leaves and tubular flowers. The fruit is a greenish-red berry with distinct ribs. This gives rise to the common name "five corners".
Photo: Jill Dark
Styphelia tubiflora is a small and somewhat straggly plant up to about half a metre in height. It has stiff stems with small, oblong-shaped leaves up to 25mm long, terminating in a sharp point. The flowers are usually bright red with rolled-back petals revealing the hairy inner surface. White, pink and yellow flowered forms are sometimes seen. Flowers appear from autumn to spring and are frequented by honey-eating birds.
S.tubiflora is not often seen in cultivation except in the gardens of enthusiasts. The species should be given a moist, well drained position, preferably in semi shade. It is a very attractive plant for a container.
Propagation is usually by cuttings of firm current season's growth and improved results have been reported when a root-promoting hormone is used. The species can be grown from seed but this is not readily available.