Trophis scandens

Distribution Map
Family: Moraceae
Distribution: Northern and eastern Australia from the Kimberleys through the Northern Territory and Queensland to Batemans Bay in New South Wales, mainly in rainforest or along stream banks. Also found outside of Australia.
Common Name: Burnie Vine.
Derivation of Name: Trophis...from Greek, Trophe, nourishment, an allusion to the use of the foliage of the type species, T.americana, as fodder for cattle.
Conservation Status: Not considered to be at risk in the wild.

General Description:

Trophis scandens (formerly Malaisia scandans) is a vigourous climbing plant with coarse-barked stems and a milky sap. The plant is dioecious (separate male and female plants). There two subspecies, T.scandens subsp. scandens and subsp. megacarpa, the latter being endemic to Lord Howe Island. The type species is widespread occurring from China, Malesia to eastern and northern Australia to New Caledonia, Fiji and Tonga.

Trophis scandens
Colourful fruits of Trophis scandens
Photo: Ian Sutton

The leaves are oval shaped, about 100-150mm long, dark green above and paler beneath with prominent veins. The flowers are cream in colour; the male flowers occur in 20mm long spikes from the leaf axils while female flowers occur in globular heads about 80mm in diameter. Flowers are usually seen in spring but spasmodic flowering amy occur at other times of the year. The flowers are followed by red, globular or elongated fruits up to 10mm long.

Burnie vine is is not widely cultivated but is a very hardy plant which should grow well in gardens in tropical climates. It should be suited to a sunny, open position. The species is reported to be slow growing.

The fruit is edible and may be eaten raw or cooked.

Propagation is usually from seed but cuttings may also be successful.

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