Hakea petiolaris

Distribution Map
Family: Proteaceae
Distribution: Granite outcrops and hills in south Western Australia, from Wongan Hills south to the Darling Range, and south-east beyond Hyden
Common Name: Sea urchin hakea
Derivation of Name: Hakea...after Baron Christian Ludwig von Hake, a patron of botany.
petiolaris....From latin petiolaris, borne on a petiole or stalk, referring to the leaves, which are borne on a conspicuous stalk.
Conservation Status: Not considered to be at risk in the wild.

General Description:

Hakea petiolaris is an erect shrub to small tree reaching 2-9 metres in height. It has recently been divided into three subspecies on the basis of leaf size and flower colour. The attractive, pale grey-green leaves are broadly obovate in shape and range from 5-15cm long by 2.3-6cm wide. Flowers are seen in late autumn and early winter and occur in globular-shaped clusters, rather like a sea urchin (hence the common name), each containing 120-200 individual flowers. Young inflorescences are creamish in colour. As they age, the style remains cream while the perianth darkens.

Hakea petiolaris
Hakea petiolaris
Photo: Australian Plants Society (NSW)

The characteristics of the three subspecies are:

  • subsp. petiolaris - Perianth darkens to mauve and then pinkish red; smallest leaves.
  • subsp. trichophylla - Perianth darkens to mauve and then maroon. This is the most common subspecies in cultivation.
  • subsp. angusta - Perianth darkens to mauve and then pinkish mauve.

The flowers are followed by woody seed pods about 40mm long by 15mm wide containing two winged seeds, the usual number for all Hakea species. The pods do not shed the seed until stimulated to do so by environmental conditions (eg after a bushfire).

H.petiolaris has been mainly grown by enthusiasts and is not often seen in nurseries. It appears to be reliable in Mediterranean climates, though has been grown with some success in subtropical gardens as long as the soil is well drained and preferably acid. Like many Western Australian plants, it is susceptible to root rot in humid eastern summers but appears to be hardier than many other western hakeas. It is fairly quick growing and appears to be tolerant of moderate frosts. The flowers are attractive to honeyeating birds and the species is best grown in an open, sunny position.

The species is easily grown from seed. Cuttings are also successful but need to be firm, current season's growth.

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