General Description:

Banksia cuneata, B.ilicifolia and B.oligantha are three species which comprise a distinctive group within the genus Banksia. The flower clusters of these three species resemble those of the ‘Dryandra Group’ – species in the former genus Dryandra) but lack the overlapping, scale-like bracts which surround the clusters and often form a conspicuous part of the inflorescences of that group. Of the three species, which occur naturally only in Western Australia, the matchstick banksia has the most potential as a garden plant. It is typically a large shrub or small tree to about 4 metres high. Bark is smooth and grey and the prickly, wedge-shaped leaves grow to 4 cm in length, resembling holly leaves. Flowering has been recorded in late winter as well as spring. The inflorescences, which can be very numerous, are most attractive in late bud, pinkish with pale green limbs. They produce copious amounts of nectar.

Banksia cuneata grows in yellow-brown sands in shrubland, with Banksia prionotes and Xylomelum angustifolium. It is one of the most sensitive banksias to dieback, and is only known from a handful of populations near Quairading in Western Australia’s central wheatbelt. Furthermore, much of the land nearby is heavily cultivated and weed-infested in places. The plant requires fire to regenerate at certain intervals as its seedpods remain closed until burnt. It is non-lignotuberous and hence can be eliminated from its habitat through fires which occur too frequently (ie. it requires sufficient time between fires for seedlings to reach maturity, flower and set seed).

Ironically, the species has some weed potential; Kingsley Dixon of the Western Australian Herbarium reports that it was once trialled as a cut flower crop in Moore River north of Perth and plants naturalised there.

In cultivation, B.cuneata requires a sandy, well drained soil and a sunny aspect. A tub or large container may be appropriate if local soils are too heavy. It is a rapidly growing species and can be very showy, although cut flowers are reported to drip a lot of nectar!. To date the plant hasn’t been tried in areas of summer humidity, though presumably it would be difficult to grow there.

Propagation from seed is relatively easy.


* EPBC Act = Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999;
ROTAP = Rare or Threatened Australian Plants (Briggs and Leigh, 1988)
For further information refer the Australian Plants at Risk page

 

Plant profile image

Banksia cuneata
Photo: Jim Barrow

 

Other Native Plant Profiles

Search Tips

By default the search engine tries to locate pages which have exact matches for all of the words entered in your search query. If that fails, it then tries to locate pages which contain any words in your search query. If that happens a short message is displayed at the top of the search results indicating this has been done. In addition, there are several ways to modify the default search behavior.  Note, searches are case insensitive.

Phrase Search
The search engine supports three types of phrase search.

  • To match an exact phrase, use quotes around the phrase. Example: "banksia integrifolia"
  • To match a near (within a couple of words) phrase, use square brackets [around the words]. Example: [banksia integrifolia]
  • To match a far (within several words) phrase, use braces { around the words }. Example: {banksia integrifolia}

+ and - qualifiers
If you prepend a word with + that word is required to be on the page. If you prepend a word with - that word is required to not be on the page. Example: +always -never

* Wildcard
If a query word ends with a * all words on a page which start the same way as that query word will match. Example: gift*

? Wildcard
If a query word contains a ? any character will match that position. Example: b?g

Boolean Search
You can use the following boolean operators in your search: AND, OR, NOT. These operators MUST be in capital letters. Example: (contact AND us) OR (about AND us)

All of these techniques can be combined: +alway* -ne??r*

Billardiera heterophylla

View Plant Profile

Acacia longifolia

View Plant Profile

Acacia baileyana

View Plant Profile

Acacia podalyriifolia

View Plant Profile

Acacia pycnantha

View Plant Profile

Eucalyptus globulus

View Plant Profile

Leptospermum laevigatum

View Plant Profile

Melaleuca quinquenervia

View Plant Profile

Pittosporum undulatum

View Plant Profile

Schefflera actinophylla

View Plant Profile

Syzygium paniculatum (variegated form)

View Plant Profile

 

Chrysanthemoides monilifera
var. monilifera

Senecio madagascariensis

Opuntia stricta