General Description:

Crotalaria is a large genus of over 500 species; there are about 30 native to Australia and a number of exotic species have become naturalised. They are generally small to medium shrubs or herbaceous species and are known as “rattlepods” because the seeds are loose in the pods. Some species contain toxins which accumulate in the liver and produce long-term damage which is often fatal.

Crotalaria cunninghamii is a shrub to about 3 metres tall with hairy branches and foliage. The leaves are oval shaped and about 30 mm long. The large, greenish pea flowers occur in winter and spring on long spikes at the ends of the branches. The flowers are streaked with fine, black lines. The seed pods are up to 40 mm long.

The sap from the leaves of this species were used by aborigines to treat eye infections.

Green bird flower is reasonably popular in cultivation in warm areas. It requires well drained soils and prefers a position in full sun. It is not suited to cold climates and is damaged by frost.

Propagation is from seed, which germinates readily after treatment in boiling water, or from cuttings.

 

Plant profile image

Crotalaria cunninghamii
Photo: Keith Townsend

 

Other Native Plant Profiles

Search Tips

By default the search engine tries to locate pages which have exact matches for all of the words entered in your search query. If that fails, it then tries to locate pages which contain any words in your search query. If that happens a short message is displayed at the top of the search results indicating this has been done. In addition, there are several ways to modify the default search behavior.  Note, searches are case insensitive.

Phrase Search
The search engine supports three types of phrase search.

  • To match an exact phrase, use quotes around the phrase. Example: "banksia integrifolia"
  • To match a near (within a couple of words) phrase, use square brackets [around the words]. Example: [banksia integrifolia]
  • To match a far (within several words) phrase, use braces { around the words }. Example: {banksia integrifolia}

+ and - qualifiers
If you prepend a word with + that word is required to be on the page. If you prepend a word with - that word is required to not be on the page. Example: +always -never

* Wildcard
If a query word ends with a * all words on a page which start the same way as that query word will match. Example: gift*

? Wildcard
If a query word contains a ? any character will match that position. Example: b?g

Boolean Search
You can use the following boolean operators in your search: AND, OR, NOT. These operators MUST be in capital letters. Example: (contact AND us) OR (about AND us)

All of these techniques can be combined: +alway* -ne??r*

Billardiera heterophylla

View Plant Profile

Acacia longifolia

View Plant Profile

Acacia baileyana

View Plant Profile

Acacia podalyriifolia

View Plant Profile

Acacia pycnantha

View Plant Profile

Eucalyptus globulus

View Plant Profile

Leptospermum laevigatum

View Plant Profile

Melaleuca quinquenervia

View Plant Profile

Pittosporum undulatum

View Plant Profile

Schefflera actinophylla

View Plant Profile

Syzygium paniculatum (variegated form)

View Plant Profile

 

Chrysanthemoides monilifera
var. monilifera

Senecio madagascariensis

Opuntia stricta